What are the first books of the bible?

April 1, 2019

The first books of the bible, also regarded as the Pentateuch, are the first five books of the bible. The word “Pentateuch” was coined from two Greek words meaning “five books” or “five scrolls”. In Hebrew, these books are called “the Torah” which means “law”. They also call it “The Law of Moses” or “The Five Books of Moses”

The Pentateuch consists of the following books:
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.

Names of the first books of the bible and their meaning

English NameHebrew NameMeaning
GenesisBereshit“In the beginning.” The book tells of how the universe and man was created, the promises of God, how sin came into existence, etc.
ExodusShemot“Going out.” The book explained in details how the Israelites got out of Egypt to the Promised Land.
LeviticusVayikra“Book of the Levites”. Here, the laws relating to Priests and Levites can be found.
NumbersBamidbar“In the wilderness or desert”. The book got its name due to the instruction God gave to Moses to count the entire male in Israel.
DeuteronomyDevarim“Words” or “a copy of this law” The book is not a second law, but rather a reviewed and repeated version of the law God gave to Moses in the book of Exodus.

Who wrote the first books of the bible?

Moses was the author of the Pentateuch. To be so sure of this, there are many bible verses to reckon with, some of which are:

Moses was the author of the Pentateuch. To be so sure of this, there are many bible verses to reckon with, some of which are:

Exodus 24:4, Numbers 33: 1-2, Deuteronomy 31:9 – when God instructed Moses to write down some words. Some other authors also testified to this as seen in: Joshua 8:31, 2 Kings 14:6, Nehemiah 8:1, Matthew 19 verses 7-8, Luke 24 verses 27 & 44, Acts of Apostles 3 verse 22, but to mention a few.

Quick Summary of the first books of the bible

Here is anoverview of what is covered in these five books of the bible:

#Book 1 – GENESIS

This is the first book of the Pentateuch; it begins with the story about creation. After God has created the earth and other things, He created the first Man (Adam) and woman (Eve) and put them in charge of the Garden of Eden. They sinned, and were driven out of the garden. The heart of the People became wicked and they were doing evil, this made God to send massive flood to wipe out everything on earth except for Noah and his family that was spared.

After a while, God decided to redeem the people through Abraham. God promised Abraham and his family that they shall be the “seed” through which all the people (present and coming generations) on earth shall be blessed.

Chapter 12 to 50 of the book of Genesis discussed vividly about the notable events in the life of the Patriarchs – Abraham, his son (Isaac), and his grandson (Jacob).

#Book 2 – EXODUS

This book contains the history of The Israelites;it describes how they were delivered out of Egypt and how they began as a new nation. The book also features the story of Moses who later led the people of Israel out of their bondage (Egypt) into the Promised Land (Canaan Land).

On crossing the Red sea, and arriving in the wilderness, God gave them his holy laws and commandments which taught them to Love God other people, honor their parents, not to steal or lie, but to mention a few.

#Book 3 – LEVITICUS

Leviticus contains the laws about the Levites. The Levites were the priests chosen by God to minister to the nation.  The book was aimed at teaching the people of Israel how to walk with God and how to worship Him. Leviticus laid more emphasis on sacrifice and sanctification (Holiness).

#Book 4 – NUMBERS

Numbers got its name due to the instruction God gave to Moses to count the entire male in Israel. The bookfocused on how the Israelites wandered in the land of Egypt for nearly forty years, the journey which supposed to only last for eleven days turned into 38 years of suffering because the people of Israel disobeyed God and disbelieved him.

The book also showed the continual care and love God has for his people, despite the rebellion and unbelief of the Israelites, he still forgive them and supplied their needs.

#Book 5 – DEUTERONOMY

This is the last book of the Pentateuch. Deuteronomy simply means “a copy of this law”. The book is not a second law, but rather a reviewed and repeated version of the law God gave to Moses at Sinai.

The book of Deuteronomy features Moses’s final words to the Israelites before entering the Promised Land with Joshua their new leader. Moses read many of the laws and commandments to the Israelites for the second time. He also told them to keeping the covenant with God by teaching them the consequences of obeying and not obeying God.

Deuteronomy also highlights the cruciality of showing children the way of God by loving and obeying Him.

Important Characters in the first books of the bible

Adam: The first man created by God.

Eve: The first woman in the Bible. She was the wife of Adam.

Noah: He was a righteous, blameless man who walked with God. He and his family were the only one left after the massive flood which wiped off everything on earth.

Abraham: A righteous man, full of faith in His own generation. God chose him to be the “father of Israel” and He was richly blessed by God.

Isaac: The son of Abraham, he inherited God’s blessing

Jacob: The grandson of Abraham, God later changed his name to “Israel”

Joseph: One of the sons of Jacob, he was sold into slavery in Egypt where he later became a successful man

Moses: He led the Israelites out of Egypt and towards the promised land (Canaan)

Aaron: The older brother of Moses

Pharaoh: Unnamed Egyptian ruler who was responsible for the encampment of the Israelites

Joshua: The man who succeeded Moses as the leader of the Israelites

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